India

Have a safe trip with travel vaccines and advice from medical professionals.

Travel health and safety for India 🇮🇳

Home to the world-famous landmark, the Taj Mahal, India is also renowned for its rich cultural heritage and is the birthplace of four major religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

With its diverse cuisines and popular Indian dishes like biryani, curry, dosa, and samosas, travelers should practice good hygiene and consider safe food/beverage choices when selecting street vendors and restaurants to avoid traveler’s diarrhea.

India also has a wide range of biodiversity, including the Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, and many bird species, and visitors to local sanctuaries may want to consider the rabies vaccine. 

Travel Immunization for India

What vaccines do I need for India? Get all the information and vaccinations you need to minimize travel health risks.

Hepatitis A virus can cause liver disease, and in rare cases, liver failure and death.

  • Can be spread by fecal-oral transmission, consuming contaminated food or water, or close, personal contact with an infected person.
  • Symptoms may range from mild to severe, including fatigue, jaundice, abdominal discomfort, vomiting, and joint pain.

Typhoid is a bacterial infection contracted through contaminated food or water

  • Symptoms include high fever, abdominal pain, and gastrointestinal issues.  
  • Typhoid can lead to severe complications if not treated promptly.

Hepatitis B is a viral infection that targets the liver and may cause chronic infections. 

  • Its primary mode of transmission is through direct blood-to-blood contact with an infected person. It can also be transmitted through unprotected sex or sharing needles.
  • Hep-B vaccination is recommended for long-term travelers, those planning to work in healthcare settings, or those who may have intimate contact with locals. 
  • Symptoms may range from mild to severe, including fatigue, jaundice, and abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and joint pain.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection spread through the bite of an infected mosquito.  

  • Visitors to areas experiencing a JE outbreak should also consider vaccination. 
  • Risk increases to individuals engaging in activities involving high contact with mosquitoes 

Rabies is a viral infection transmitted through animal bites.  

  • Symptoms may initially include fever, headache, and discomfort at the bite site, progressing to more severe neurological symptoms. Rabies is fatal if it is not treated before symptoms develop.
  • Travelers should avoid contact with stray animals and seek immediate medical attention if bitten or scratched by an animal. 
  • It is essential to receive appropriate medical treatment, including post-exposure prophylaxis, if exposed to rabies 
  • While travelling, take precautions, including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children. 

We have made every effort to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the provided information, however, it is not feasible for us to update daily. Please book a virtual consultation with one of our Travel Medicine Professionals for current, personalized advice and answers to any questions you may have.

Health Canada strongly advises travelers ensure their routine vaccinations are up to date, including:

Chickenpox (Varicella)

Guards against the varicella-zoster virus, responsible for chickenpox.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTaP)

Protects against three different bacterial infections.

Flu (Influenza)

Vaccination against seasonal influenza strains is essential.

Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)

Provides immunity against all three diseases in one shot.

Polio

Essential for guarding against the poliovirus.

Shingles

Offers protection against a viral infection that causes painful rashes.

COVID-19

The ongoing pandemic necessitates adherence to vaccination guidelines and preventive measures.

India Concerns / Health Canada Recommendations

Most common illness for travelers, from consuming contaminated food & water

  • Affects up to 70% of travelers and risks minimized with good hygiene and safe food/drink choices (eg. avoid raw foods, ice in drinks).
  • Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, fever, bloating.

South Africa is prone to mosquito-borne diseases like dengue fever, malaria, and Zika virus. 

Take measures to prevent mosquito bites, such as using 50% DEET insect repellents, wearing protective clothing (long sleeves and pants), and staying in accommodations with air conditioning or mosquito nets.

  • Dengue: Viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes.
    • Symptoms include high-grade fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, rash, and nausea/vomiting.
  • Zika virus: Viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes.
    • Infection during pregnancy is linked to birth defects.
    • If pregnant or planning to get pregnant, seek medical advice before traveling.
    • Symptoms include rash, itch, mild fever, headache, red eyes, muscle, and joint pains.
  • Malaria: A serious and occasionally fatal disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito.
    • Symptoms may include fever, chills, headache, similar to the flu. Without treatment, malaria can cause severe illness and death.
    • Malaria can be treated with anti-malarial medications.

Major cities in India, such as Delhi, can experience high levels of air pollution.  

  • It is advisable to check air quality indexes and take precautions like wearing masks when necessary. 

If you plan to visit high-altitude regions like Ladakh or the Himalayas, be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness 

  • Common symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath 
  • Take necessary precautions, such as acclimatizing slowly and staying hydrated. 
  • Consider medication such as acetazolamide as recommended by Rockdoc’s Travel Medicine Professional. 

Over the Counter Medications for Travel to India

Pain Relief

Medications such as acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) or ibuprofen (e.g., Advil) can be helpful for managing headaches, muscle pain, or fever. 

Anti-Diarrheal Medications

It’s advisable to carry over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medications like loperamide (e.g., Imodium) to treat mild cases of traveler’s diarrhea. However, it’s important to stay hydrated and seek medical attention if diarrhea persists or worsens. 

Antacids

Antacids like Tums or Pepto-Bismol can provide relief from indigestion or heartburn, which can sometimes occur when trying new foods or experiencing changes in diet during travel. 

Allergy Medications

If you have known allergies, carrying antihistamines like cetirizine(e.g., Reactine) or diphenhydramine (e.g., Benadryl) can help manage allergic reactions to environmental allergens or insect bites. 

Motion Sickness Medications

If you are prone to motion sickness, consider carrying medication like dimenhydrinate (e.g., Gravol) to alleviate symptoms during long journeys or when traveling by car, train, or boat.

Medical Services and Facilities in India
  • Hospitals: India has a wide network of public and private hospitals. Major cities have well-equipped hospitals with modern facilities and specialized departments.  
  • Clinics and Polyclinics: You can find clinics and polyclinics in both urban and rural areas.  
  • Pharmacies: Pharmacies, often called “chemist shops” in India, are widespread and easily accessible. You can purchase over-the-counter medications and sometimes even obtain prescription drugs. Make sure to visit reputable pharmacies to ensure the authenticity and quality of the medications. 

Consular Assistance in India

Street Address: 7/8 Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India

Telephone: +91 11 4178 2000

Email: [email protected]

Website: https://www.Canada.ca/Canada-And-India

Street Address: World Trade Center, 22nd Floor, 26/1, Dr. Rajkumar Road, Malleshwaram West, Yeshwantpur, Bengaluru, 560055 India

Street Address: C413-C416, 4th Floor, Elante Office Complex, Plot No. 178-178A, Industrial & Business Park, Phase 1, Chandigarh 160002, India

Telephone: +91 172 505 0300

Email: [email protected]

Website: https://www.Canada.ca/Canada-And-India

Street Address: One International Center, Tower 2, 21st Floor, Senapati Bapat Marg, Elphinstone Road (West), Mumbai 400 013, India

Telephone: +91 22 6749 4444

Email: [email protected]

Website: https://www.Canada.ca/Canada-And-India

We have made every effort to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the provided information, however, it is not feasible for us to update daily. Please book a virtual consultation with one of our Travel Medicine Professionals for current, personalized advice and answers to any questions you may have.

In case of emergency, dial 911

In case of emergency, dial:

  • Police: 100/112 from cellular telephones
  • Firefighters: 101
  • Medical Assistance: 102
  • Victims of Sexual Harassment: 1091

General services

The Indian Ministry of Tourism offers 24-hour general advice for tourists.

Dial: 1-800 111-363.

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